Causal Effects of the 100 Largest Counties
on Household Income in Adulthood
 
 

This table shows the percentage gain (or loss) in income from growing up in each of the 100 largest counties in the U.S. for children in low-income families (25th percentile). For example, if a child were to grow up in DuPage County, IL instead of an average place, he/she would make about 15% more at age 26. The average level of household income at age 26 is $26,000, so this 15% gain translates to $3,900 of additional income. The table also shows estimates separately for boys and girls; click on any column heading to sort by that column. Click here for estimates for all counties for both low- and high-income families.

 
 
Rank
(All Kids)
CountyStateAll KidsBoysGirls
1 Dupage Illinois 15.1% 12.2% 18.2%
2 Snohomish Washington 14.4% 13.9% 14.6%
3 Bergen New Jersey 14.1% 16.6% 11.2%
4 Bucks Pennsylvania 13.3% 16.8% 9.2%
5 Contra Costa California 12.1% 14.5% 9.4%
6 Fairfax Virginia 12.1% 9.2% 15.1%
7 King Washington 11.3% 11.1% 11.4%
8 Norfolk Massachusetts 10.8% 12.4% 8.9%
9 Montgomery Maryland 10.5% 7.5% 13.6%
10 Middlesex New Jersey 8.6% 7.8% 9.4%
11 Montgomery Pennsylvania 7.9% 4.4% 11.6%
12 Ventura California 7.4% 10.9% 3.5%
13 Middlesex Massachusetts 6.5% 7.6% 5.2%
14 Macomb Michigan 5.6% 2.5% 8.9%
15 San Mateo California 5.6% 4.2% 7%
16 Hudson New Jersey 4.9% 10.4% - 1.1%
17 Salt Lake Utah 4.4% - 0.9% 10.2%
18 Pierce Washington 3.8% 5.5% 2%
19 Providence Rhode Island 3.8% 6.5% 0.8%
20 Kern California 3.7% 6% 1.1%
21 Monmouth New Jersey 3.6% 0.6% 6.8%
22 San Diego California 3.3% 1.6% 5.2%
23 Worcester Massachusetts 2.7% 1.2% 4.4%
24 Hennepin Minnesota 2.7% 4.8% 0.3%
25 Hartford Connecticut 2.6% 5% - 0.1%
26 Erie New York 2.6% 7.2% - 2.6%
27 Maricopa Arizona 2.5% - 2.6% 8.1%
28 Clark Nevada 2.5% - 1.2% 6.6%
29 Multnomah Oregon 2.2% 7.9% - 4.2%
30 Prince Georges Maryland 2% 6.5% - 2.9%
31 Honolulu Hawaii 1.9% 0.5% 3.4%
32 Santa Clara California 1.6% - 2.2% 5.8%
33 Pinellas Florida 1.4% 1.8% 0.9%
34 San Francisco California 1.1% - 5.5% 8.4%
35 Suffolk New York 0.9% 6.6% - 5.5%
36 Duval Florida 0.6% 5.2% - 4.5%
37 District Of Columbia District Of Columbia 0.5% 2.8% - 2%
38 Tarrant Texas 0.3% 2% - 1.5%
39 El Paso Texas - 0.3% 0.6% - 1.2%
40 Oakland Michigan - 0.5% - 6.1% 5.7%
41 Sacramento California - 0.6% - 2.9% 2%
42 Dade Florida - 0.6% - 6.6% 6%
43 Nassau New York - 0.7% 1.5% - 3.1%
44 Harris Texas - 0.7% - 3.3% 2.1%
45 Tulsa Oklahoma - 1.4% - 6.2% 3.9%
46 Essex Massachusetts - 1.5% - 2.2% - 0.6%
47 Lake Illinois - 1.8% - 7.3% 4.2%
48 Allegheny Pennsylvania - 2.1% - 2.5% - 1.6%
49 Franklin Ohio - 2.1% 7.6% - 12.9%
50 Westchester New York - 2.3% - 9.6% 5.8%
51 St Louis Missouri - 2.4% - 2.7% - 2%
52 Queens New York - 2.5% - 6.1% 1.5%
53 Cuyahoga Ohio - 2.9% 1.7% - 7.9%
54 Philadelphia Pennsylvania - 2.9% - 7.3% 2%
55 Hamilton Ohio - 3.1% 2.9% - 9.7%
56 Orange California - 3.2% - 10.7% 5.1%
57 Suffolk Massachusetts - 3.2% 4.3% - 11.5%
58 Jefferson Kentucky - 3.5% - 0.2% - 7.1%
59 Broward Florida - 3.8% - 3.4% - 4.2%
60 San Joaquin California - 3.9% - 7.1% - 0.4%
61 Baltimore Maryland - 4.4% - 11% 2.9%
62 Jackson Missouri - 4.6% - 6.9% - 2%
63 Hidalgo Texas - 4.6% - 9.2% 0.4%
64 DeKalb Georgia - 4.7% - 1.4% - 8.2%
65 Kent Michigan - 4.9% - 7.8% - 1.7%
66 Dallas Texas - 5.1% - 7.9% - 2%
67 Oklahoma Oklahoma - 5.6% - 7.6% - 3.4%
68 Alameda California - 5.6% - 6.7% - 4.4%
69 Kings New York - 5.8% - 8.5% - 2.7%
70 Gwinnett Georgia - 6% - 14.2% 3%
71 Cobb Georgia - 6.9% - 11.6% - 1.7%
72 Bexar Texas - 7.1% - 12% - 1.6%
73 Travis Texas - 7.5% - 10.4% - 4.3%
74 Bernalillo New Mexico - 7.6% - 14% - 0.4%
75 Davidson Tennessee - 7.8% - 5.7% - 10%
76 Fairfield Connecticut - 8.3% - 13.5% - 2.5%
77 New Haven Connecticut - 8.4% - 15% - 1%
78 Essex New Jersey - 8.6% - 4.8% - 12.7%
79 Montgomery Ohio - 8.9% - 9% - 8.7%
80 San Bernardino California - 9% - 11.9% - 5.6%
81 Monroe New York - 9.1% - 13.9% - 3.7%
82 Shelby Tennessee - 9.6% - 9% - 10.1%
83 Jefferson Alabama - 10.1% - 10.8% - 9.3%
84 Los Angeles California - 10.6% - 13% - 8%
85 New York New York - 10.9% - 7% - 14.9%
86 Riverside California - 11.2% - 17% - 4.7%
87 Palm Beach Florida - 11.3% - 16.5% - 5.5%
88 Wake North Carolina - 11.4% - 13.4% - 9.1%
89 Fulton Georgia - 11.6% - 11.6% - 11.5%
90 Marion Indiana - 12.1% - 8.8% - 15.5%
91 Pima Arizona - 12.2% - 23% - 0%
92 Bronx New York - 12.3% - 15.2% - 9%
93 Milwaukee Wisconsin - 12.3% - 14.8% - 9.4%
94 Wayne Michigan - 12.5% - 17.4% - 6.9%
95 Fresno California - 12.9% - 16.8% - 8.5%
96 Cook Illinois - 13.3% - 13.7% - 12.8%
97 Orange Florida - 13.5% - 14.6% - 12%
98 Hillsborough Florida - 13.5% - 16.3% - 10.2%
99 Mecklenburg North Carolina - 13.8% - 12.8% - 14.7%
100 Baltimore City Maryland - 17.3% - 27.9% - 5.4%